Mail Online, December 4, 2011
Afghanistan still the second-most corrupt nation in the world
Large proportion of European nations in the top 20
By Katie Silver
Somalia and North Korea are perceived as the most corrupt countries, a report released this week said.
New Zealand, on the other hand, comes in at number one with the most sparkly clean reputation for corruption.
The report, released by German watchdog organisation Transparency International, ranked Britain as 16th least corrupt on a 'corruption perceptions index' while the U.S. came in at number 24.
The bottom ranks, in front of Somalia and North Korea who tied at number 182, were occupied by Myanmar, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Sudan, Iraq, Haiti and Venezuela.
In terms of the top performers, with the exception of New Zealand, Singapore at number five and Australia at number eight, most of the top spots are occupied by European nations.
These include the Scandinavian nations of Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Norway and Iceland - along with Switzerland, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Germany, Austria, Belgium and Ireland which were all in the top 20.
Bulgaria was the lowest-performing European Union country, ranking at number 86.
The top performers of the Americas include Canada which ranked 10th, Barbados 16th, Bahamas 21st and Chile at 22nd.
To compile the index, Transparency International used reports based 'on different assessments and business opinion surveys carried out by independent and reputable institutions.'
The organisation said perceptions needed to be because corruption is so hidden it is hard to measure.
'Over time perceptions have proved to be a reliable estimate of corruption,' Transparency International said in it's report.
The report asked questions relating to:
- the bribery of public officials,
- kickbacks in public procurement,
- embezzlement of public funds,
- the strength and effectiveness of public-sector and anti-corruption efforts
Regionally, in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Turkey is ranked highest at 61 while Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan are lowest at 177.
In the Middle East and North Africa, Qatar ranks best at number 22 while Iraq is the lowest at number 175.
In Sub-Saharan Africa, Botswana ranked highest at number 32.
India fell from 87th in 2010 to 95th, ranking behind China (75th) but in front of Pakistan (134th) in South-Asian nations.
Characters Count: 3107