Info about Afghanistan and main events
Afghanistan’s currency: 50 Afghanis = US$1 (According to newly valued Afghanis released in October 2002)
Amro bil mahroof:
Religious police, Taliban department of Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice. According to UN "The ministry of vice and virtue is the most misogynist department in the whole world."
Veil (a voluminous head-to-toe covering with a mesh grid over the eyes)
Eid: Annual Islamic festival
Hajj: Annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca.
Harram: Religiously forbidden
purdah: Islamic veil
(Party of Islam), fundamentalist group led by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, the former darling of Pakistani militarist
Hezb-e-Islami (Khalis): Fundamentalist group led by Yunus Khalis, a splinter group from
Hezb-e Islami (Hekmatyar)
Hezb-e-Wahdat Islami: (Party of Islamic Unity), a fundamentalist group led by Karim Khalili, supported by Iran.
ISI: Inter Services Intelligence, Pakistan
(Islamic Alliance), Fundamentalist group led by Abdul Rasool Sayyaf, supported by the Saudis
until they found a new darling in the Taliban.
(Society of Islam), a Pakistani party led by Qazi Hussain Ahmad, main
fundamentalist supporter of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar and some other fundamentalist groups in Afghanistan.
(Society of Islam), The biggest fundamentalist group in Afghanistan led politically by Burhanuddin Rabbani and commanded militarily by
Ahmad Shah Massoud till Sep.9, 2001. Ahmad Shah Massoud till Sep.9, 2001. Now Qasim Fahim is the military commander of Jamiat.
A partisan of Jehad (Islamic holy war). After the wave of crimes and
atrocities perpetrated by the Jehadis subsequent to the coming to power
of their fundamentalist military-political entities in April 1992, for
the ordinary people "Jehadi" denotes the most abhorrent criminals who commit
the most heinous crimes and brutalities including gang-rape, willful destruction,
carnage, looting, etc. in the name of Islam. This epithet is also used
to differentiate fundamentalist criminals from Taliban ultra-fundamentalists.
KHAD: Khademat-e-Attela’at-e Dowlati (State Intelligence Services), dreaded secret police
of the Russian puppet regimes or Afghanistan branch of KGB
and Parcham ("The People" and "The Banner"): Fractions of the pro-Soviet
People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan installed in power through a bloody
coup on 27 April 1978. Overthrown by the fundamentalists on 28 April 1992.
close male relative such as a father, brother or husband.
Loya Jirga (Grand Council):
a traditional meeting of elders of all tribes to solve some big problems.
A title for senior members of the Sunni Muslim clergy.
Mujahideen: Those who participate
in Jehad (Islamic Holy War) "Soldiers of Islam ".
Northern Alliance (or United Front): A military alliance comprised of some so-called Jehadi fundamentalist groups that committed hair-raising crimes
when they entered Kabul after the fall of the puppet regime of Dr.Najib in 1992. They killed and raped thousands of girls/ women and men. More importantly they were the first who imposed numerous restrictions on women
including wearing the veil. MORE...
Payam-e-Zan (Women's Message):
RAWA bilingual (Persian/Pashtu/Urdu) magazine published since 1981 -
Qazi: Judge, especially under Islamic Sharia law
Ramadan: The ninth month of the Muslim lunar calendar, month of fasting throughout hours of daylight.
Shariat or Sharia: Islamic law
(Supervisory Council) a military-political semi-autonomous sub-group
within Burhanuddin Rabbani's Jamiat-e Islami, led by top gun Ahmad Shah
Masoud who was killed in Sep.9, 2001.
Taliban (Religious students),
an Afghan fundamentalist force supported by Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and
the US. (USA=planning agency; Saudi Arabia=funding agency; Pakistan=implementing